Business Studies Case Studies Class 12th

Updated: Jun 20, 2021

#BUSINESSSTUDIES #CASESTUDIES #CBSE #XII #12TH






CASE STUDIES


Q. 1. Dheeraj is working as ‘Operations Manager’ in Tifco Ltd. Name the managerial level at which he is working. State any four functions he will perform as ‘Operations Manager’ in this company. (5 marks) ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 2. Volvo Ltd’s target is to produce 10000 shirts per month at a cost of Rs. 100/- per shirt. The Production Manager achieved this target at a cost of Rs. 90/- per shirt. Do you think the ‘Production Manager’ is effective? Give one reason in support of your answer. (1 mark) ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________




Q. 3. Yash Ltd. is facing a lot of problems these days. It manufactures electronic goods like washing machines, microwave ovens, refrigeration, and air-conditioners. The company’s margins are under pressure and the profits and market marketing department blames the production department for producing goods, which are not of good quality to meet customers’ expectations. The finance department blames both production and marketing departments for declining return on investment and bad marketing. 1. What quality of management do you think the company is lacking? Justify your answer. 2. State the importance of the concept identified in (a). (5 marks) ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 4. Aman, Ahmad, and Ally are partners in a firm engaged in the distribution of dairy products in Maharashtra state. Aman is a holder of a Senior Secondary School Certificate from Central Board of Secondary Education with Business Studies as one of his elective subjects. Ahmad had done his post-graduation in History and Ally in dairy farming. One day there was a serious discussion between Ahmad and Ally regarding the nature of management. Ahmad argued that management was a profession whereas Ally argued against it saying that the legal and medical professions are the only professions because they fulfill all the conditions of the profession. Aman on the basis of his knowledge of business studies explained the nature of management as a profession to Ahmad and Ally. Explain, how Aman would have satisfied both Ahmad and Ally. (6 marks) ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Q. 5. To meet the objectives of the firm, the management of Bhavya Ltd. offers employment to physically challenged persons. Identify the organizational objective it is trying to achieve. Give reason in support of your answer. (1mark) ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 6. B Ltd. wants to modify its existing product, CD players in the market due to decreasing sales. What decisions/steps should each level of management take to give effort to this decision? (6 marks) ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________




Q. 7. Sonali is the manager of a large company manufacturing garments for kids. She plans her winter collection in the month of August itself. Then, she ensures that there is the adequate workforce. She continuously monitors whether production is proceeding according to plans. She asks the marketing department to prepare their promotional and advertising campaigns also. 1. Identify and explain the concept of management explained in the above para. 2. What characteristic feature does the above para highlight? State. (5 marks) ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 8. H. Tech Ltd. is a company producing IT services. The company’s profits are enough for survival and growth. The management of the company believes that a satisfied employee creates a satisfied customer, who in turn creates profits that lead to satisfied shareholders. So, it pays competitive salaries and perks to its all employees. All the employees are happy working in the organization because of personal growth and development. The company has a strong sense of social responsibility. It has set up an engineering college in which one-third of the students are girls to whom the company gives 50% scholarship. Is the management of H. Tech Ltd. fulfilling its objectives? Justify your answer by giving reasons. (6 marks) ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Q. 9. Govinda Ltd. is a highly reputed company. Different functions are performed by different individuals in this company, who are bound together in a hierarchy of relationships. Every individual in the hierarchy is responsible for the successful completion of a particular task. Mr. Gauranga is responsible for the welfare and survival of the organization. He formulates overall organizational goals and strategies for their achievement. MR. Nityanand ensures that quality of output is maintained, wastage of materials is minimized and safety standards are maintained. Mr. Sanatan assigns necessary duties and responsibilities to the personnel and motivates them to achieve desired objectives At what levels of management are MR. Gauranga, Mr. Nityanand, and Mr. Sanatan working in Govinda Ltd.? justify your answer. (3 marks) ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 10. The management of Vrinda Ltd. strongly believes that the members of an organization should work towards fulfilling the common organizational goals. This requires teamwork and integration of efforts of all individuals, departments, and specialists. This is because all the individuals and departments depend on each other for information and resources to perform their respective activities. Managers need to reconcile differences in approach, timing, effort, or interest. At the same time, it should enable all its members to grow and develop. Thus, there is a need to harmonize individual goals and organizational goals. 1. Identify the concept of management discussed above. 2. State any three features of the concept identified in (a). Identify and explain the characteristic of management which is reflected from the above para. (6 marks) ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Q. 11. Sanjana is the branch manager of ABC Handicrafts Pvt. The company’s objective is to promote the sales of Indian handloom and handicraft products. Its sells fabrics, furnishings, ready-mades, and household items are made out of traditional Indian fabrics. Sanjana decides the quantities, variety, color, and texture of all the above items and then allocates resources for their purchase from different suppliers. She appoints a team of designers and craftspeople in the company, who developed some prints for bed covers in bright color on silk. Although they looked very impressive, they were more expensive than they had planned to sell. The average customer could not afford to buy it. Praising their effort, Sanjaja suggested that they should keep the silk bed covers for special occasions like Diwali and Christmas and offer the cotton bed covers on a regular basis to keep costs under control. Identify the functions of management that Sanjaja performs by quoting the lines above para. (5marks) ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 12. XYZ Power Ltd. set up a factory for manufacturing solar lanterns in a remote village as there was no reliable supply of electricity in rural areas. The revenue earned by the company was sufficient to cover the costs and the risks. The demand for lanterns was increasing day by day, so the company decided to increase production to generate higher sales. For this they decided to employ people from the nearby villages as very few job opportunities were available in that area. The company also decided to open schools and, for the children of its employees. 1. Identify and explain the objectives of management discussed above. 2. The company is fulfilling the organizational and social objectives of management. (4 marks) ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Q. 13. Nishtha is the marketing manager of a company selling laptops. She plans the target sale of 2000 laptops per month. She allocates the necessary resources to carry out the plan. She has six salesmen working under her. She works with them, guiding and motivating them to achieve the target sales. At the end of the month, after a comparison of actual sales with the target sales, she found that actual sales exceeded the target sales. She rewards efficient employees to motivate them. 1. How does Nishtha prove the importance of management? Explain. 2. Also state any two values which she wants to communicate to the society by her behavior. (5 marks) ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 14. Sooraj works as a salesman in a company selling pet accessories and food. He has been given a target of selling 1200 units of the food packets in a month by offering a maximum of 10% discount to his customers. In order to meet his monthly sales target, on the last two days of the month, he offers a 15% discount to his customers. In the context of the above case: Is Sooraj effective in his work? Explain by giving a suitable reason in support of your answer. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 15. Sujata works as a designer in n export house. As per the terms of an order received by the export house, she has to get 100 units of denim jackets made in 15 days @ Rs. 2000 per jacket. She is able to complete her target production in 20 days because in order to complete ithe order in 15 days she would have made the workers work over time. As a result, the cost of production per jacket may have increased by Rs. 100. In the context of the above case: Is Sujata efficient in her work? Explain by giving a suitable reason in support of your answer. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Q. 16. Anju and Manju are good friends. Considering the cast that the activities involved in managing an enterprise are common to all organizations, after completing their master’s in business management, both of them take up a job at the managerial level in different organizations as per their individual areas of interest. Anju takes up a marketing job in a retail company and strives to increase sales whereas Manju joins an NGO and works diligently to realize its objective related to providing employment to specially-abled persons. Both of them have to perform a series of continuous, composite, but separate functions. On some days, Anju may spend more time planning a future display layout, and on another day, she may spend time sorting out an employee’s problem. Both Anju and Manju make conscious efforts to build a feeling of team spirit and coordination among diverse individuals with different needs who work under them. The effect of their management is noticeable in their respective departments as the targets are met according to plans, employees are happy and satisfied, and there is orderliness in its functioning rather than chaos. In the context of the above case: Identify the various features of management highlighted in the above paragraph by quoting lines form it. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 17. Real Alliance Ltd. is a well-known cement company in India. It is able to earn adequate revenues to cover costs. Its capital base, number of employees and production turnover has increased manifolds over the years. The rate of profitability of the business is also creditable. The employees of the company are happy and satisfied with them remuneration, working conditions, promotion policy etc. as a part of its moral obligation, the company has taken many initiatives for providing employment to especially abled persons and promoting literacy in the villages adopted by it. In the context of the above case: 1. Identify and explain the various types of objectives of management being fulfilled by Real Alliance Ltd by quoting lines from the paragraph. 2. List any two values that real Alliance Ltd. wants to communicate to society. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Q. 18. Esha works as the cost and risk management head of a company in the power sector. As a result of her excellent managerial competence, the company is able to reduce costs and increase productivity. The company belongs to the infrastructure sector, where is regular amendments are made in the government regulations and policies. She holds regular meetings to ensure that people in her department are not only aware of the related changes but are also able to adapt to these changes effectively. This helps the company to maintain its competitive edge. She motivates and leads her team in such a manner that individual members are able to achieve personal goals while contributing to the overall organizational objective. In the process of fulfilling her duties for the growth of the organization, she helps in providing competitive services, adopting new technology, creating more employment opportunities, etc. for the greater good of the people at large. In context of the above case: Identify the various reasons that have made management so important by quoting lines from the paragraph. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 19. Ramarjuna joins an IT from as a system analyst after completing his master's in Computer Science. As the nature of his work demands he has to work in very close coordination with all the departmental head in the firm, very soon Ramarjuna realizes that each departmental head has his own individual style of working. They differ greatly in their day-to-day approach to work. They tend to deal with a given situation, an issue, or a problem through a combination of their own experience, creativity, imagination, initiative, and innovation. In the context of the above case: Identify and explain the nature of management highlighted in the above case. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Q. 20. Dharam is a well-known businessman in the field of publishing. He owes the success of his business to his own education in business management and his team of certified management consultants. Therefore, he decides to send both his children Danush and Damini abroad to acquire a degree in business management in their individual areas of expertise. He feels that all over the world there is a marked growth in management as a discipline, but still, it is not considered to be a full-fledged profession for certain reasons. In the context of the above case: 1. Explain the reasons because of which Dharam considers management as a discipline. 2. Critically examine the various reasons because of which management is not considered to be a full-fledged profession. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 21. Kartik joins a garment factory as a plant supervisor in Lucknow. He observes that the output of some workers is very low as compared to the standards set for their performance. On analyzing the reasons for the same, he finds out that a lot of time of the workers is wasted in getting the requisite materials issued from the store. Whereas on asking, the storekeeper complains that there is no harmony in the working of the production department as a whole. Every day the workers approach him at the last minute to procure different kinds of threads, laces, mirrors, buttons, etc. if it is not available in the store then he has to place an order with the purchase officer. As a result, a lot of the time of the workers is wasted. So, in order to integrate the various production activities, henceforth, Kartik ensures that the storekeeper is informed well three days in advance about the requisite materials. Consequently, the storekeeper is able to keep the materials ready for the workers every morning in accordance with their requirements. In the context of the above case: 1. Identify and explain the quality of management that Kartik has introduced in the working of the production department as a corrective measure to control the output of the workers. 2. State briefly and two points highlighting the importance of quality of management identified in part (a). ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 22. Sridhar’s father is working as a section in charge in a government office. Identify the level of management at which he is working? State any five functions that he has to perform at this level. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Q. 23. Geetika is working in a private sector bank. One of her key function relates to the formulation of the overall organizational goals and strategies of the bank. Identify the level of management at which she is working? State any three other functions that she has to perform at this level. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 24. Arundhati has been promoted to the post of Marketing Division Head of a soft drink company. Identify the level of management at which she will be working henceforth. State any four functions that she will have to perform at this level. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 25. Bhuvan argues that management is required in all kinds of organizations whereas Piyush feels that management is not required in non-business organizations such as schools, clubs______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 26. Mohan has retired from the post of a foreman in a factory. At what level of management is he working? ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 27. ‘Sonu Nigam’ the famous playback singer always spends time for practice and adds his creativity in his singing. Like Sonu Nigam, Mr. Rajiv, manager of Headlines Ltd. uses his creativity and practice management principles under different situations to manage the business. The employees are happy and satisfied as he everyday rewards employees for their punctuality and efficiency. 1. Identify the nature of management highlighted above. 2. Name the other two aspects of the nature of management. 3. Identify the values followed by Mr. Rajiv. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 28. Bhuvan Ltd., a garment manufacturing Company set the target production of 100 garments per month at the estimated cost of Rs. 200 per garment. Mohan, a worker worked double shifts and manufactured around 150 garments but at the estimated cost of Rs. 230 per garment. On the other hand, Ravi another worker focus on cost and handled resources very carefully so they manufactured 90 garments but at the estimated cost of Rs. 190 per garment. The third worker maintained the balance and achieved the target of 100 garments at the estimated cost of Rs. 200 per garment. 1. Identify the quality possessed by Ravi, Mohan and what they are lacking. 2. What quality is possessed by a third worker? 3. Which worker is preferred by management? ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 29. Management of Alpha Ltd. has installed a special recycling plant to recycle the waste instead of dumping the waste in the ground. It is also providing employment opportunities to local residents. The company started a school nearby for the children of their employees. 1. Identify the objectives company is fulfilling. (ii) Quote the lines from the above para which indicate those objectives. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 30. Directors of Bhuvan Ltd. assigned the task of implementing the plans and policies framed by the board to all the departmental heads. Departmental head appointed supervisors, superintendent, executives, etc. so that work can be assigned to workers as per the plan supervisors kept a check on workers as per the plan. 1. Identify the feature of management highlighted in above para. 2. Explain that feature. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 31. Alpha Ltd. is a Company that manufacturers mobile phones and accessories. Its profits are declining nowadays. The sales department blames production department for low quality, the production department blames purchase department for not supplying good quality parts. 1. What quality of management is lacking in the above case? 2. Explain the nature of the concept. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 32. A group of people believes that management is a systematic body of knowledge that explain certain general truth and is based on logical observation. ● Identify and explain the nature of management discussed in above case. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 33. Unique enterprises is able to achieve the target production of 5,000 units within the prescribed time; however to achieve this target they hired extra workers on adhoc and spent around is 40,000 extra to pay the adhoc workers sot that target production can be achieved on time. 1. Do you think unique enterprise is effective or efficient? 2. Was their decision to hire adhoc workers to achieve the target was correct? 3. Explain the concept of management highlighted above. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 34. In an organization sales department wants to increase the sale by 20% so sales department planned to offer extra discounts to customers. Finance department raised objection on it as they sat it will result in loss of revenue and company may face liquidity problem. 1. Name the importance of coordination referred here. 2. State other two importance of coordination. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 35. Mr. Rajiv and Arun are responsible for welfare of the whole organization. Their job is very complex they have to develop long term objectives, policies and review the work of different heads at different level. Mr. John and Mr. Singh are responsible for the working of department they are heading, they formulate short term departmental objectives in accordance with organizational objectives. Mr. Philip, Mrs. Archana, Mrs. Kamlesh and Mrs. Kavita are in direct contact with the workforce consisting of various employees and workers. They are responsible for quality of work and providing good working conditions to workers. 1. State the three level of management. 2. Name the persons who are involved in different level from the above para. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 36. The manager of Alpha Ltd. is very efficient and effective and makes sure all the employees and workers in his team perform the task on time with minimum cost. His main focus is on cost cutting so he never listens to the demand of workers for increasing wages. He even gives no opportunity to worker for promotion. As a result, workers started becoming frustrated and disheartened all the time. 1. Which objective of management could not be achieved by the manager? 2. State other two objectives of management. 3. State any one value ignored by the manager. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 37. The management of Amaira Ltd. strongly believes that the members of the organization should work toward fulfilled the common organizational goals. This requires team work and integration of efforts of all individuals’ departments and specialists. This is because all the individuals and departments depend on each other for information and resources to perform their respective activities. Manager needs to reconcile differences in approach, timing, efforts and interest. At the same time, it should enable all its members to grow and develop. Thus, there is a need to harmonize individual goals and organizational goals. 1. Stat the concept of management discussed above. 2. State any three features of the concept identified in above para. 3. State value referred in above para. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 38. Mega Ltd. manufactured water-heaters. In the first year of its operations, the revenue earned by the company was just sufficient to meet its cost. To increase the revenue, the company analysed the reasons behind the less revenues. After analysis, the company decided: ● To reduce the labour cost by shifting the manufacturing unit to a backward area where labour was available at a very low rate. ● To start manufacturing solar water-heaters and reduce the production of electric water-heaters slowly. This will not only help in covering the risks but also help in meting other objectives. 1. Identify and explain the objectives of management discussed above. 2. State any two values which the company wanted to communicate to society. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 39. Ritu is the manager of the northern division of a large corporate house. At what level does she work in the organization? What are the basic functions? ANS.____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 40. Mr. Nitin Singhania’s father has a good business of iron and steel. He wants to go to the USA for his MBA but his father thinks that he should join the business. On the basis of emerging trends, do you think that Mr. Singhania should send his son to the USA? Give any three reasons in support of your answer. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q41. Jayant is working as Head Relationship Manager in the wealth management division of a private sector bank. He has created an internal environment which is conducive to an effective and efficient performance of his team of ten relationship management executives. A typical day at work in Jayant’s life consists of a series of interrelated and continuous functions. He decides the targets for his department which are in line with the objectives of the organizaitonas a whole. The future course of action for his team members is laid out well in advance. The various resources required by the relationship managers like an Paid with GPS system, account opening forms, brochures, details of account holders etc. are made readily available to them. The executives are given sufficient authority to carry out the work assigned to them. Jayant works in close coordination with the human Resource Manager in order to ensure that he is able to create and maintain a satisfactory and satisfied work force in his department. Through constant guidance and motivation, Jayant inspires them to realize their full potential. He offers them various types of incentives from time to time keeping in view their diverse individual needs. Moreover, he keeps a close watch on their individual performances in order to ensure that they are in accordance with the standards set and takes corrective actions whenever needed. In context of the above case: 1. Identify the concept being referred to in the following line, “He created an internal environment which is conducive to an effective and efficient performance of his team of ten relationship management executives.” 2. Identify and describe the various functions of the concept as identified in part (a) of the question by quoting liens from the paragraph. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 42. Ajay and Sanjay are childhood friends. Sanjay had lost his right hand in an accident in childhood. They meet after a long time in a restaurant. On being asked, Sanjay tells Ajay that he feels very discounted in managing his family business after the death of his father as it doesn’t match with his areas of interest. Ajay knows that Sanjay possess extraordinary skills in management although he hasn’t acquired any professional degree in management. Therefore, he asks Sanjay to wind up his business in India and join him in his hotel business in Dubai as an Assistant Manager in Sales and Marketing Division. In context of the above case: A. Can Sanjay be deployed at the post of Assistant Manager in Sales and Marketing Division though he hasn’t acquired any professional degree in management? Explain by giving suitable justifications in support of your answer. List any two values that are reflected in this act of Ajay ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q.43. 'Is Management concerned only with doing the right task, completing activities and achieving goals without taking into consideration the cost benefit?' Give reason in support of your answer. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q44. Rishi mukerjee has recently joint AMV Ltd, A company manufactures refrigerators. He found that this department was under-staffed and other departments were not cooperating with his department for smooth functioning of the organization. Therefore, he ensured that his department has the required number of employees and its cooperation with the other departments in improved. (a). Identify the level at which Rishi was working. (b). Also, state three more functions required to be performed by Rishi at this level. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q45. In 2015, Naveen left his luxurious life in Mumbai, where he worked as a manager for Blue Birds Ltd. He shifted to Begampur, Chhattisgarh to fulfil his grandmother's dream of converting their 25-acre ancestral land into a fertile farm. For this he set out specific goals along with the activities to be performed to achieve the goals. Every activity was a challenge since he was clueless about farming. He learnt every activity from filling the land to sowing the seeds. To aid farmers he launched his own company 'Innovative Agriculture Solutions Pvt. Ltd.’ It was difficult initially as no one trusted an urban youth telling farmers about farming. But when everything was discussed in detail the farmers started taking interest. He wanted to ensure that the future events meet effectively the best interests of the company. Through sales forecasting, he prepared an annual plan for production and sales. He also found that the farmers grew only paddy, which was an activity of 3 - 4 months and land remained idle for the rest 8-9 months of the year. He not only identified but evaluated various alternatives through which the farms could be utilised for the remaining months of the year. Through correct foresight and logical and systematic thinking based on analysis of all facts, all alternative were examined and evaluated. He promoted a plan to the farmers, where after harvesting paddy, vegetables could be grown The above case highlights the features of one of the functions of management. By quoting lines from the above identify and explain these features. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 46. Saurabh decided to start a chocolates manufacturing business. He set then target of earning 10% profit on sales in the first year. As a good businessman, he was concerned about the future of the business, which was uncertain. He gathered information that the demand for chocolates is increasing day-by-day. He used this information as the base for future planning and shared it with his team. On the basis of the gathered information, he scheduled a meeting in the following week to find innovative ways to achieve the objectives. List the first two steps, which have been followed by Saurabh that are related to the process of one of the functions of management ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q.47. Shiv has recently joined an industrial unit manufacturing low cost LED bulbs. He has five workers working under him. He gives them instructions to ensure optimum utilization of resources and achievement of work targets. He provides good on-the-job training to the workers to build an efficient team. He also analyses the work performed by them and gives feedback. The work performed by Shiv may be described as an important element of directing. Name the element and state two other functions which may be performed by Shiv in addition to those highlighted above. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Q. 48. Gopal, Mohan and Shyam are three friends having their separate small manufacturing units in an industrial estate. They are hard-working and honest and undertake their respective production activities following the good practices of business. They use good quality raw materials and adopt standardised process. They fix the prices of their products with a reasonable profit margin. But all of them are worried about the malpractices like manufacturing sub-standard, duplicate, and defective goods by the fellow manufacturers. Therefore, they decided to form an organisation with a constitution of its own which is free from government interference. This organisation would encourage consumers to strongly protest and take action against unscrupulous, exploitative and unfair trade practices of sellers. State three other functions which may be performed by this organisation in addition to those mentioned above. ANS.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


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